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Norsk entomologisk forening
Postboks 386
4002 Stavanger
Sist oppdatert:
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Norsk entomologisk forening

Norwegian Journal of Entomology

Volume 53 No. 1 · 2006

Articles

  • Skartveit, J. 2006. Tipula (s.str.) oleracea Linnaeus, 1758, new to Norway, with a key to the Norwegian Tipula (s.str.) (Diptera, Tipulidae). Norw. J. Entomol. 53, 1-4.

    The Common cranefl y, Tipula (s.str.) oleracea Linnaeus, 1758, is recorded for the fi rst time from
    Norway. A female specimen was collected at RY, Finnøy, Sevheim on 8 June 2005. A key to the
    Norwegian Tipula (s.str.) is given. The potential spreading and pest status of T. oleracea is commented
    upon.
    Key words: cranefl y, Tipula oleracea, agricultural pests
  • Lønnve, O.J., Nordmoen, J.A. & Sømme, L. 2006. The overwintering of Gonioctena pallida L.
    (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) in the alpine zone at Finse, Norway. Norw. J. Entomol. 53, 5-9.


    In the low alpine zone at Finse, Norway, Gonioctena pallida overwinters as adult in soil and litter
    underneath shrubs of Salix spp. Larvae are present on Salix during the summer, and pupate in the litter
    in the autumn. Due to a thick cover of snow, winter temperatures at the overwintering sites rarely
    drops more than 1 or 2 °C below zero. In the laboratory, adult beetles survived 314 days at 2 °C, and
    another 420 days at this temperature following a short period of feeding. The adults also survived
    more than 8 months at –3 °C and more than six months at –6 °C. In contrast, all pupae died after two
    months at 0 °C. Mean supercooling points of adult beetles stored at 0 °C remained close to –10 °C
    during the winter. It is concluded that G. pallida is suffi ciently cold hardy to survive alpine winter
    conditions in the adult stage. Apparently, the species has a one-year life cycle.
    Key words: Gonioctena pallida, Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, overwintering, supercooling points
  • Solevåg, P. K. 2006. Contribution to the knowledge of Coleoptera from Western Norway.
    Norw. J. Entomol. 53, 11-19


    New data are given for the distribution of 45 species of Coleoptera in Norway, 13 species being new to
    Western Norway. Some ecological aspects are briefl y discussed. The beetle fauna of Western Norway
    is poorly investigated, and the importance of faunistic surveys on all levels of beetle taxonomy seems
    clear. Most of the species presented are common and widely distributed in Norway, other species have
    a more restricted distribution, and some should even be reckoned as relicts from the postglacial warm
    period. One species group shows a clear preference for oceanic climate: Quedius picipes (Mannerheim,
    1830), Bolitobius inclinans (Gravenhorst, 1806) and Grynobius planus (Fabricius, 1787). Another
    group has a more south-eastern distribution: Calosoma inquisitor (L, 1758), Badister lacertosus
    (Sturm, 1815), Falagrioma thoracica (Stephens, 1832), Rhizophagus cribratus Gyllenhal, 1827,
    Xyletinus ater (Creutzer, 1796) and Cerylon fagi Brisout de Barneville, 1867. Also hollow oaks in
    the area revealed interesting species: Dienerella elongata (Curtis, 1830), Hapalaraea melanocephala
    (Fabricius, 1787) and Batrisodes venustus (Reichenbach, 1816).
    Key words: Coleoptera, Western Norway.
  • Gammelmo, Ø. & Lønnve, O. J. 2006. Clitellaria ephippium (Fabricius, 1775) (Diptera, Stratiomyidae) rediscovered in Norway. Norw. J. Entomol. 53, 21-22.

    The stratiomyid fl y Clitellaria ephippium (Fabricius, 1775) is recorded from Norway for the fi rst time
    since 1844. A single male was captured at Skoklefall in Nesodden municipality (AK) in 2005. The
    species is previously recorded once in Norway, from AK Oslo: Fjeldstuen.
    Key words: Clitellaria ephippium, Diptera, Stratiomyidae, Norway
    Øivind Gammelmo, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1172 Blindern,
    NO-0318 Oslo, Norway. E-mail: oivind.gammelmo(at)nhm.uio.no
    Ole J. Lønnve, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1172 Blindern,
    N0-0318 Oslo, Norway. E-mail: o.j.lonnve(at)nhm.uio.no
  • Bergersen, R., Olsen, K. M., Djursvoll, P. & Nilssen, A. C. 2006. Centipedes (Chilopoda) and millipedes (Diplopoda) in North Norway. Norw. J. Entomol. 53, 23-38.

    Based on 486 specimens collected over the last 70 years, the Chilopoda and Diplopoda in North
    Norway were found to consist of four genera and eight species in the former, and seven genera each
    of one species in the latter. All but two species, Pachyiulus varius (S European) and Oxidus gracilis
    (anthropochorous), could be regarded as native. Four species (Lithobius melanops, L. tenebrosus,
    Strigamia maritima and Nemasoma varicorne) were new to the area. From S to N, Nordland hosted
    12 species, Troms 6 and Finnmark 5. Among the Chilopoda, numbers were 7, 5 and 5; in Diplopoda,
    5, 1 and 0, respectively. Seven species were viewed as being common: Lithobius forfi catus, L.
    erythrocephalus, Proteroiulus fuscus and Polydesmus denticulatus in Nordland, Lamyctes emarginatus
    and Geophilus proximus in Nordland and Troms, and Lithobius curtipes in Finnmark. These are the
    world‘s northernmost fi nds (65o04‘N-70o52‘N), except for curtipes, which also occurs in N Russia.
    In Nordland, Polyxenus lagurus and Cylindroiulus latestriatus may be more common than this study
    shows. Almost half the material was collected by schoolchildren in one year (2005). The children
    proved to be useful collectors.
    Key-words: Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Myriapoda, geographical distribution, North Norway.
  • Laugsand, A. E. 2006. Uleiota planata (L. 1761) (Coleoptera, Silvanidae) new to Norway. Norw. J. Entomol. 53, 39-41.

    Uleiota planata (L. 1761) (Coleoptera, Silvanidae) is here reported new to Norway. The records and
    the locality are described. In Sweden the beetle probably became extinct and all the records after
    1930 are connected to import of timber. The species might have been displaced through competition
    from the close relative Dendrophagus crenatus (Paykull, 1799). Observations on the locality also
    exclude the possibility of direct import of the specimens on timber, but one possibility is a secondary
    settlement in the natural habitat after import on foreign timber. However, it is possible that U. planata
    has been present continuously in fragments of virgin forest. The locality deserves further attention.
    Keywords: Uleiota planata, Dendrophagus crenatus, Silvanidae, Norway, Carabus cancellatus,
    Coleoptera
  • Lønnve, O. J. 2006. Notes on Norwegian sawfl ies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) I. Norw.J.Entomol. 53, 43-46.

    The sawfl ies Pamphiliius festivus Pesarini & Pesarini, 1984, Selandria wuestneii (Konow, 1885) and
    Eutomostethus gagathinus (Klug, 1816) are recorded from Norway for the fi rst time. Remarks on their
    biology and distribution are given.
    Key words: Hymenoptera, Symphyta, Pamphiliidae, Tenthredinidae,Norway.
  • Gammelmo, Ø. & Rindal, E. 2006. On the family Ditomyiidae (Diptera, Sciaroidea) in Norway. Norw. J. Entomol. 53, 47-49.

    The distribution of the two species of the genus Symmerus (Ditomyiidae) in Norway is discussed.
    Symmerus nobilis Lackschewitz, 1937 has hitherto not been recorded from Norway.
    Key words: Diptera, Sciaroidea, Ditomyiidae, Symmerus, Norway.
    Øivind Gammelmo, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1172 Blindern, NO-0318
    Oslo, Norway. E-mail: oivind.gammelmo(at)nhm.uio.no
    Eirik Rindal, Natural History Museum, Department of Zoology, University of Oslo,
    P.O. Box 1172 Blindern, N0-0318 Oslo, Norway. E-mail: eirik.rindal(at)nhm.uio.no
  • Olberg, S. 2006. Gonodera luperus (Herbst, 1783) (Col., Tenebrionidae) and Anthocomus rufus (Herbst, 1784) (Col., Melyridae) new to Norway. Norw. J. Entomol. 53, 51-53.

    One specimen of Gonodera luperus (Herbst, 1783) (Family Tenebrionidae) was collected in a
    window-trap at Kolsås, Bærum (EIS 28) in Akershus (AK). Several specimens of Anthocomus rufus
    (Herbst, 1784) (Family Melyridae) have been found at four different localities in south-eastern
    Norway during 2003 to 2005. These are the fi rst records of the two species in Norway.
    Key words: Gonodera luperus, Anthocomus rufus, Tenebrionidae, Melyridae, Norway
  • Gammelmo, Ø. & Søli, G. 2006. Norwegian fungus gnats of the family Mycetophilidae (Diptera, Nematocera). Norw. J. Entomol. 53, 57-69.

    Our knowledge about the Norwegian fauna of fungus gnats has improved considerably during the
    last 15 years. With the present addition of 61 new species, 473 species belonging to the family
    Mycetophilidae have been recorded from Norway. A complete check list for Norway is presented
    together with detailed information for the new species. To enable comparison with previous lists from
    Europe, references to literature for most species recorded or published after 1940 are added.
    Key words: Diptera, Nematocera, Mycetophilidae, Norway, check-list.
  • Hågvar, S. & Aakra, K. 2006. Spiders active on snow in Southern Norway. Norw. J. Entomol. 53, 71-82.

    In Norway, insects and springtails which are active on snow have been fairly well studied, but not
    the spider fauna. A sample of 439 spiders collected on snow during many years and from several
    localities in South Norway, contained 46 species, including 12 which were only identifi ed to genus
    level. Spiders occurred on snow during all winter months, mainly at temperatures around or above
    0 oC, but even down to –7 oC. Most species belonged to Linyphiidae. Comparisons with Finnish
    pitfall-trapping below snow and a Norwegian study on the spider fauna on spruce branches during
    winter show that nearly all species colonise the snow surface from the subnivean air space, probably
    climbing up along stems and bushes penetrating the snow. In late winter, the spider fauna on snow is
    dominated by Bolepthyphantes index, which constructs nets in small depressions in the snow surface,
    for instance footprints of animals, and catches winter active springtails. During very warm days in
    April, subadults of Philodromus sp. can start wind dispersal by sending out “fl ying threads” from
    trees and may land in large numbers on snow. From there they probably seek snow-free patches. As
    a group, spiders evidently contain many cold-adapted species, and Finnish studies have showed that
    almost any species may be encountered on snow. Long-term pitfall trapping near Bergen showed
    that some spider species had their main activity during winter, indicating winter reproduction. For
    most spiders, their occurrence on snow in mild weather may simply be a continuation of their normal
    subnivean activity. There should be a large evolutionary potential for more spider species to adapt to
    use the food resource represented by winter active insects and springtails on snow.
    Key-words: Spiders, Aranea, snow, winter activity
  • Greve, L. 2006. Lauxania minor (Martinek, 1974) (Diptera, Lauxaniidae) in Norway, and
    Sapromyza obsoleta Fallén, 1820 (Diptera, Lauxaniidae) deleted from the Norwegian fauna.
    Norw. J. Entomol. 53, 83-84.


    Lauxania minor Martinek, 1974 is recorded as a new species to Norway from Bjørkås, Asker
    Akershus (AK). Material previously published as Sapromyza obsoleta Fallén, 1820, has been
    examined and proved to be misidentifi ed. S. obsoleta is therefore deleted from the Norwegian
    fauna.
    Key Words: Lauxania minor, Sapromyza obsoleta, Lauxaniidae, Diptera, Norway
  • Stol, I. 2006. Checklist of Nordic Pseudoscorpiones. Norw. J. Entomol. 53, 85-87.

    A checklist of the Nordic pseudoscorpions, including Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, The Faroe
    Islands and Iceland is presented. A total of 25 Nordic species are currently known, of which 16 are
    from Norway, 19 from Denmark, 20 from Sweden, 17 from Finland, 1 from The Faroe Islands and 2
    from Iceland.
    Keywords: Pseudoscorpiones, Checklist, Nordic countries.
  • Hansen, L. O. & Hodkinson, I.D. 2006. The mistletoe associated psyllid Cacopsylla visci (Curtis, 1835) (Homoptera, Psyllidae) in Norway. Norw. J. Entomol. 53, 89–91.

    Approximately 50 specimens of Cacopsylla visci were reared from a branch of mistletoe (Viscum
    album) collected on the small Oslofjord island of Mølen at Hurum, E Buskerud (BØ); July 1990.
    Attacks were also observed in July 1999, and both adults and nymphs (IV-V) were observed in early
    May 2000, which indicates that the species may hibernate in these stages. This is the fi rst Fennoscandian
    records of the species and represents most probably a new northern limit for the species.
    Key-words: Homoptera, Psyllidae, mistletoe, Viscum album, Tilio-Ulmetum, Oslofjord, Mølen.